BeHydro logo

State of the art technology

Up to 2666 kW

motor

A collaboration between

logo Company Maritme Belge logo Anlgo Belgian

A mission

  • Reduce CO2 emissions at sea, at land
    icon eco
  • Investment in R&D
    icon money
  • Development hydrogen dual fuel or spark ignited engine!
    icon solutions
  • Storage of Hydrogen
    icon download
  • Different applications
    icon boaticon trainicon voltage
motor

Toepassing voor verschillende applicaties

behydro applications

Fuel flexibility and efficienty with environmental performance

fuel flexibility and efficienty
logo Company Maritme Belge (CMB)

Joint Venture

logo Anglo Belgian
button arrow down

BeHydro is the joint venture between two Belgian companies, namely Company Maritme Belge (CMB) and Anglo Belgian

button arrow down

CMB is a diversified shipping and logistics group based in Antwerp, Belgium. CMB owns and operates more than 90 sea-going ships in dry bulk (Bocimar), container transport (Delphis) and chemical tankers (Bochem). CMB is also involved in Innovation and Development and the development of Low Carbon fuel applications (CMB.TECH) and real estate (Reslea, Maritime Campus Antwerp). CMB has offices in Tokyo, Singapore, Hong Kong, Hamburg and Brentwood.
www.cmb.be

ABC founded in 1912 and located in Gent, Belgium, is a leading European manufacturer of medium-speed engines in the power range between 600 and 10,400 kW. The company develops and manufactures reliable and innovative medium-speed engines for the energy and transport industry. Today ABC invests in new research about new fuels of the future.

The joint venture between the two companies is unique because of its high level of commitment to R&D in the field of hydrogen. This contribution is very important for the near future of the development about hydrogen for heavy duty applications.

Mission

icon arrow down

BeHydro is developing hydrogen engines and storage solutions for marine, railway and power applications!

motor Intercooler

In order

  • Reduce CO2 emissions at sea, at land
    icon eco
  • Investment in R&D
    icon money
  • Development hydrogen dual fuel or spark ignited engine!
    icon solutions
  • Storage of Hydrogen
    icon download
  • Different applications
    icon boaticon trainicon voltage
We are convinced about the power of hydrogen as a key to sustainable shipping and, by extension, to energy transition.
Alexander Saverys (VRT NWS).

Hydrogen combustion engine

ABC´s DZC engine range is hydrogen ready as dual fuel (DZD - 75% h2 & 25% diesel) & spark ignited (100% h2). This engine is available with 6, 8, 12 or 16 cylinders and delivers a power from 1000 to 2670 kW. To the DZD hydrogen ready range, it is possible to combine an after-treatment system (see after treatment systems). In addition to a low CO2 value due to the combustion of hydrogen, nitrogen and particles will also be filtered by a catalysator or particle filter by the combustion of the other diesel. Read more about the difference between dual fuel & spark ignited below.
With a lifespan of 200,000 operational hours and a low life cycle cost, this efficient engine is a durable and cost-effective solution. In combination with the solid H2 storage tanks developed by CMB (see hydrogen storage), this hydrogen solution is an ideal combination for the power supply of various applications in marine, railway and power. Ultra-low CO2 emissions combined with ultra-low emissions of soot particles and toxic nitrogen substances guarantee the achievement of the latest emission standards worldwide!

Dual fuel vs Spark Ignited

  • dual fuel
    • Fuel flexible
    • Design for high hydrogen substation rate in dual fuel mode
    • Automatic switch-over while running
  • spark ignited
    • High efficiency but no emissions
    • Less-purified hydrogen usable
    • Dedicated designed for hydrogen operation

After treatment systems

BeHydro hydrogen combustion engines are possible to fit with ABC after treatment systems.

SCR: Selective catalytic reduction

  • A chemical reaction converts nitrogen oxides into nitrogen and oxygen
  • Specific reduction of NOx

DPF (Diesel particulate filter)

  • DPF removes diesel particulate matter or soot from the exhaust gas.
Norm Dual Fuel Spark Ignited
IMO TIER II
IMO TIER III SCR
EU STAGE V DPF + SCR DPF + SCR
TA LUFT*
VLAREM*
* Only applicable with Spark Ignited

Toepasbaar op alle motoren

  • icon energy

    Hydrogen is a gas at room temperature, but changes to a liquid at a temperature of -252.8 ˚C, and from a liquid to a solid at -259.2 ˚C. It contains up to three times more energy per unit mass than diesel and its combustion releases neither CO2, SOx, nor fine particles—it only produces water.

  • icon CO2

    The majority of the hydrogen produced worldwide is consumed in the production of ammonia, and in the treatment of petrochemicals and methanol. In addition, almost all energy sources contain carbon and hydrogen. For this reason, renewable hydrogen represents a shift away from the carbon emitting energy sources that became common during the industrial revolution.

  • icon speed

    Hydrogen is a light and extremely powerful rocket propellant. When combined with an oxidizer such us liquid oxygen, liquid hydrogen yields the highest specific impulse in relation to the amount of propellant consumed of any known rocket propellant.

Benefits of hydrogen

  • About 10% of the weight of living organisms is made up of hydrogen—mainly water, proteins and fats.
  • Liquid hydrogen has the lowest density of any liquid.
  • Hydrogen is the only element that can exist without neutrons.
  • Hydrogen is believed to be one of three elements produced in the Big Bang.
  • We owe most of the energy on our planet to hydrogen because the Sun’s nuclear fusion process converts hydrogen to helium releasing large amounts of energy.
behydro storage

Modular hydrogen storage system

BEHYDRO is ready to achieve a solid and easy hydrogen storage system for all your applications.

  • 250 bar storage pressure
  • Designed for easy access/maintenance/removal
  • Modular hydrogen storage system
  • Low weight system
  • Example (Port of Antwerp)
    400 kg H2 replaces 1360L diesel or 3.65-ton CO2
  • Switch to 100% diesel possible
    (in combination with after treatment system)
behydro storage behydro storage
icon download folder BeHydro Download our brochure here!

Marine power

behydro sleepboot

Alternative main power solutions for multiple marine applications.

Railway solutions

behydro train

Iron freight trains running on dual fuel hydrogen can save up to 35 ton CO2 per train per day and achieves a low carbon emission footprint at non- or electrified railways!

Containerized genset & mobile power

behydro genset container

Hydrogen power barges and containerized solutions for wall or external power automatically delivers a correct voltage/ frequency next to the application. There are no expensive converters required.

Hybrid power

behydro power plant

Combine BeHydro gensets with green and solar solutions for hybrid power plants! Up to a less carbon emissions and more green and renewable power.

icon download folder BeHydro Download our brochure here!

Marine power

Our different Marine markets

  • Coasters & feeder vessels
  • Inland waterway
  • Cruise ships & ferries
  • Dredgers
  • Fishing vessels
  • Navy vessels
  • Tugboats & OSV’s
  • Other vessel types
Tugboat

BeHydro offers clean main power solutions for all vessel’s propulsion in a power range from 1 to 2.6 mW.

Clean power at sea and inland waterways!

  • DZD-range hydrogen ready
  • Low life cycle cost
  • After treatment system applicable
  • Dual fuel or spark ignited hydrogen engine
  • Modular hydrogen storage system
icon download folder BeHydro Download our brochure here!

Power solutions for railway applications

Our different railway markets

  • Mainline locos (passenger & freight)
  • Shunting locos
  • Repowering existing locos with new clean emission standards
Tugboat

BeHydro offers clean main power solutions for all railway applications in a power range between from 1 to 2.6 mW.

Clean power at railways worldwide!

  • DZD-range hydrogen ready
  • Low life cycle cost and easy maintenance
  • Dual fuel or spark ignited hydrogen engine
  • Modular hydrogen storage system for locomotive solutions
  • Sustainability and long-term standards for your rolling stock
icon download folder BeHydro Download our brochure here!

Containerized genset & mobile power

Containerized genset applications

  • Power barges for external power at sea!
  • Mobile wall power at harbours
  • Onboard external power for vessels
Containerised genset
Containerised genset Containerised genset Containerised genset

Solid containerized solutions are easy to fit everywhere. BeHydro offers mobile power solutions at sea & at land!

Mobile and external clean power!

  • DZD-range hydrogen ready
  • Low life cycle cost and easy maintenance
  • Dual fuel or spark ignited hydrogen engine
  • Mobile modular hydrogen storage system connects to engine everywhere
  • Solid and compact containerized solutions for genset applications
icon download folder BeHydro Download our brochure here!

Hybrid power

Hybrid power applications

  • BeHydro genset in combination with solar power
  • H2 hybrid power plant
  • Turnkey power solutions
Tugboat

BeHydro offers less carbon power for hybrid power plants. Combine our hydrogen power to more green and renewable solutions!

Mobile and external clean power!

  • DZD-range hydrogen ready
  • Low life cycle cost and easy maintenance
  • Turnkey power solutions
  • Mobile modular hydrogen storage system connects to engine everywhere
  • Solid and compact containerized solutions for genset applications
icon download folder BeHydro Download our brochure here!

6DZD / Spark Ignited

behydro 6DZD
Engine configuration6-cylinder inline engine
Power rangeUp to 1000 kW (continuous rating)
Power rangeUp to 1353 Hp (continuous rating)
Nominal engine speedMax. 1,000 rpm
EngineFour-stroke
Sense of rotationAnti-Clock or Clock
Fuel injectionDirect fuel injection
Swept Volume95,71l
Weight10620 kg
TurboTurbocharged
Charge-airWater-cooled

Emission compliance DUAL FUEL engine

  • IMO Tier II
  • IMO Tier III (+ SCR ABC-after treatment system)
  • EU Stage V (+ SCR + DPF ABC-after treatment system)

Fuel flexibility

  • Diesel, Marine Diesel Oil (MDO), gasoil (GO), dual fuel (diesel + Hydrogen), biofuel, Vegetable oil
  • Fuel cell grade is possible or less purified h2

Emission compliance SPARK IGNITED engine

  • IMO Tier II
  • IMO Tier III
  • EU Stage V ( + SCR + DPF ABC-after treatment system)
  • TA Luft
  • VLAREM

8DZD / Spark Ignited

behydro 8DZD
Engine configuration8-cylinder inline engine
Power rangeUp to 1335 kW (continuous rating)
Power rangeUp to 1813 Hp (continuous rating)
Nominal engine speedMax. 1,000 rpm
EngineFour-stroke
Sense of rotationAnti-Clock or Clock
Fuel injectionDirect fuel injection
Swept Volume127,6l
Weight13905 kg
TurboTurbocharged
Charge-airWater-cooled

Emission compliance DUAL FUEL engine

  • IMO Tier II
  • IMO Tier III (+ SCR ABC-after treatment system)
  • EU Stage V (+ SCR + DPF ABC-after treatment system)

Fuel flexibility

  • Diesel, Marine Diesel Oil (MDO), gasoil (GO), dual fuel (diesel + Hydrogen), biofuel, Vegetable oil
  • Fuel cell grade is possible or less purified h2

Emission compliance SPARK IGNITED engine

  • IMO Tier II
  • IMO Tier III
  • EU Stage V ( + SCR + DPF ABC-after treatment system)
  • TA Luft
  • VLAREM

12VDZD / Spark Ignited

behydro 12DZD
Engine configuration12-cylinder V engine
Power rangeUp to 2000 kW (continuous rating)
Power rangeUp to 2706 Hp (continuous rating)
Nominal engine speedMax. 1,000 rpm
EngineFour-stroke
Sense of rotationAnti-Clock or Clock
Fuel injectionDirect fuel injection
Swept Volume191,5l
Weight18000 kg
TurboTurbocharged
Charge-airWater-cooled

Emission compliance DUAL FUEL engine

  • IMO Tier II
  • IMO Tier III (+ SCR ABC-after treatment system)
  • EU Stage V (+ SCR + DPF ABC-after treatment system)

Fuel flexibility

  • Diesel, Marine Diesel Oil (MDO), gasoil (GO), dual fuel (diesel + Hydrogen), biofuel, Vegetable oil
  • Fuel cell grade is possible or less purified h2

Emission compliance SPARK IGNITED engine

  • IMO Tier II
  • IMO Tier III
  • EU Stage V ( + SCR + DPF ABC-after treatment system)
  • TA Luft
  • VLAREM

16VDZD / Spark Ignited

behydro 16DZD
Engine configuration16-cylinder V engine
Power rangeUp to 2670 kW (continuous rating)
Power rangeUp to 3626 Hp (continuous rating)
Nominal engine speedMax. 1,000 rpm
EngineFour-stroke
Sense of rotationAnti-Clock or Clock
Fuel injectionDirect fuel injection
Swept Volume255,2l
Weight21750 kg
TurboTurbocharged
Charge-airWater-cooled

Emission compliance DUAL FUEL engine

  • IMO Tier II
  • IMO Tier III (+ SCR ABC-after treatment system)
  • EU Stage V (+ SCR + DPF ABC-after treatment system)

Fuel flexibility

  • Diesel, Marine Diesel Oil (MDO), gasoil (GO), dual fuel (diesel + Hydrogen), biofuel, Vegetable oil
  • Fuel cell grade is possible or less purified h2

Emission compliance SPARK IGNITED engine

  • IMO Tier II
  • IMO Tier III
  • EU Stage V ( + SCR + DPF ABC-after treatment system)
  • TA Luft
  • VLAREM
  • BeHydro wins the coporate Blue Innovation Award!

    28/10/2020

    BeHydro has won the Blue Innovation Award in category corporate during the Blue Innovation Awards organized by the Blue Cluster. 

    Tim Berckmoes CEO of ABC mentioned the importance of a switch to zero carbon emissions in marine, railway and power-industries. Today, we want to show that our dual-fuel engine technology is succesful and operational. We replace diesel by hydrogen with 85%. It means that we are ready to reduce CO2 emissions by 85% in comparison to yesterday. The hydrogen future is now!

    A special thanks to The Blue Cluster and the innovation team of BeHydro! 

    Pictures © G-STIC

    ...
  • Hydrogen engine is built into container

    28/10/2020
    ...

F.a.q.

Let us help you. Below are some answers on our most asked questions !

  • How does the engine work?

    We have developed 2 types of engines. The first type is the dual-fuel version. This engine can run on diesel as well as on a mixture of hydrogen and diesel. In hydrogen mode, diesel is used to ignite the hydrogen. The second type of engine can only run on hydrogen and has a spark igniter (or spark plug) to start the combustion of the hydrogen.

    When the air is introduced into the engine, hydrogen is injected under low pressure at the air inlet of the cylinders. Only hydrogen is injected into the cylinder that absorbs air. In this way, hydrogen can never accumulate in the engine. By injecting (pilot) diesel, a flame is created that automatically burns all the hydrogen in the cylinder with it. Burning hydrogen generates heat and pressure which is the driving force for the engine to run.

  • What is the engine consuming?

    The consumption of diesel and hydrogen depends on the load profile of the engine. At full load the engine will use 61 kg of hydrogen and 45 kg of diesel per hour. To relate these figures with automotive, a new H2 car has a 6kg H2 tank capacity, a H2 bus has 40kg H2 on board. The efficiency at full load is around 40%

  • How is hydrogen stored?

    Hydrogen can be stored as a gas and as a liquid. Gas is stored in pressure vessels under high pressure. In hydrogen cars this pressure rises to 700 bar. For storage in liquid form you do need cryogenic technology because you need to cool down the gas to minus 253°C. 

    Hydrogen storage under high pressure is the most commonly used form of storage. This is also the usual way of transporting hydrogen via trucks with bottle trailers or pipelines. The disadvantage of this form of storage is the relatively low energy density. In liquid form you can transport 3.5 times more hydrogen per volume than in compressed form. However, for refrigerated storage it is not easy to maintain the extremely low temperature during transport.

    Generally speaking, you can say that hydrogen storage will take up 14 times more volume than diesel.

     

  • Is hydrogen safe?

    As with any fuel, you have to be careful with its use and storage. Hydrogen has been used successfully by the industry in Belgium for more than 50 years. The Port of Antwerp produces 380,000 tonnes of hydrogen annually. Hydrogen has proven to be a safe fuel.

  • How much more does it cost compared to a traditional diesel engine?

    The cost of the hydrogen injection system is manageable in the total engine cost. The biggest cost for a hydrogen engine is in the supply and storage of hydrogen. Due to the lack of production volumes in those components, all valves, pipes and sensors are still quite expensive. We expect this to decrease sharply in the coming years.

    The adjustments to the engine are rather limited. You need to be a motor expert to see the adjustments. The big cost is mainly in the gas tube to bring the hydrogen to the engine in a safe and controlled way. We think that this cost will fall sharply in the coming years, as soon as the consumption volume increases

     

  • How does the technology compares to fuel cells (efficiency, lifespan, etc..)

    A reciprocating engine produces mechanical energy, while a fuel cell produces electrical energy. Some applications need mechanical energy (ex. To move a propeller) not electrical energy. In terms of lifespan, maintenance costs and purchase price per kW the reciprocating engine is more interesting. For transportation, the dual fuel solution will be the dominant choice. A ship with empty H2 tanks can still return safely to the harbor. If you are looking at fuel cell technology, the solution will require 2 to 3 times larger storage capacity to have the same autonomy and spare-capacity needed for safe operations and this is a big cost-driver in the design of the vessel. This added (spare-capacity) will usually not be needed but required for compliance with safety-regulations. The BeHydro engines reach efficiencies of +-40% at full load. Fuel cells can reach higher efficiencies in the 60% ranges but only at low loads. From the moment the load increases the efficiency decreases a lot. In marine propulsion applications (working at average high loads) both efficiencies will be comparable.

Let’s write

Please write us and stay tuned about the latest innovations and developments!